If the UN Security Council were newly formed today, who would you choose as the five permanent members?
Some of the factors that I would take in consideration would be- military strength, economy, population, impact it has on others etc. So my pick would be:-
USA- no explanation needed.Russia- Second most powerful military, largest country, developed country and has a great impact on others.
China- Economic powerhouse, military might, world' S largest population and huge landmass.
India- One of the fastest growing economies. Military might. A true diverse nation with second largest population and is set to become the most
populous nation in the world surpassing China. Became 4th nation to reach mars and that too in first attempt. Germany - 4th largest economy. Military strength. Developed country.
The world is now heading to a civilizational war (The West /Islam /Hinduism/Confucianism /Africanism) and therefore there should be nations to represent each of the civilisations. I would pick :
European Union to represent the west because it's more democratic and reliable and less blood thirsty than US and Russia Turkey to represent the islamic world because it's economically relatively developed, was the last caliphate (Ottoman empire), has a relatively liberal and democratic government (when compared to Saudi Barbaria for example) and a sizable population of 80 million.
China to represent Confucian/East Asian civilisation because of economic &demographic power. Japan and South Korea are Confucian countries as well butthey are generally aligned with the West so they will be represented by the EU as well.
India to represent Hinduism because of demographic and economic power. South Africa to represent Africanism because it's the most democratic and economically advanced country in Africa.
Canada, South Korea, Uruguay, Botswana, and Malaysia.WHAT?!? No, this isn't a joke answer, and I've considered the candidates carefully.
The US, China, India, EU and...Brazil? Nigeria? Russia? Turkey? Japan? That is the route most would follow. It is fairly similar to what we've had for 7 decades. And though the UN as a whole is a fairly effective institution, the Security Council, and especially the 5 permanent seats, has been problematic at best. Hostile obstructions at worst.
Picking the 5 largest economies on the planet- the US, China, Japan, Germany, and the UK- is a terrible method. The entire Southern Hemisphere is left out.
Picking the 5 most populous countries - China, India, the US, Indonesia, Brazil- is a slightly better distribution. Unless the EU is a bloc, which bumps Brazil. Either way it leaves all of Africa, with 1.3 billion people, unrepresented. And possibly the entire Southern Hemisphere yet again.
So I've gone a different way. Instead of picking the most powerful, I've picked nations that represent and can speak to large regions, but aren't the regional hegemony. Nations that will definitely listen to the regional hegemon, but also listen to and represent the concerns of smaller neighbors. And nations that aren't easily bullied, or can balance multiple regional powers and speak more reasonably for collective interests.